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শুক্রবার, ৩১ মার্চ ২০২৩, ০৬:২৫ পূর্বাহ্ন
প্রতিটি জেলা উপজেলায় প্রতিনিধি নিয়োগ দেওয়া হবে। যোগাযোগঃ-০১৯১১১৪৫০৯১, ০১৭১২৭৪৫৬৭৪

What is the relationships anywhere between ‘nature’ and you can ‘culture’ ?

  • আপডেট সময় শনিবার, ১৮ জুন, ২০২২
  • ৪২ বার

What is the relationships anywhere between ‘nature’ and you can ‘culture’ ?

The connection ranging from characteristics and society could have been a common and you will contested motif on the abuse due to the disagreement out-of if or not the type–society dichotomy is a given common or a built truth cousin so you can your individual people. According to Susan Ortner, “a lot of the brand new advancement from anthropology derives regarding the tension between new need to possess reasons from peoples universals towards one hand and social specifics on the other side.” (1972, p. 5)

The question is based on whether anthropologists understand a positive change between characteristics and you may community. Is one a personal make while the almost every other a separately performing biological entity?

French anthropologist Claude Levi-strauss try firm regarding conflict from a divide, creating there stayed “simply one or two true different types of real assortment: you to definitely to your planes off nature, specifically compared to the fresh new assortment off species, while the other on the social jet provided by the latest assortment off services.” (1962, p. 124)

2nd, she translates the relationship of nature and you will society so you can “the new common devaluation of women

Based on Levi-Strauss, “this new balance postulated anywhere between nature and you can society involves the absorption out of absolute variety for the cultural jet.” (1962, p. 124-125)

Usually are not ‘s the ‘pure species’ the guy means? Evidently his composing, from the Savage Brain, reflects the brand new discipline’s expansion of one’s nature-culture discussion throughout the sixties and you will 70s to incorporate the concept that women is symbolized given that character and you will people as society.

Outlining lady given that biological some body wasn’t enough to own Levi-Strauss, as he debated they certainly were actually “natural basic products of course procreated because of the almost every other biological individuals.” (1962, p. 123) Continuous their assessment due to the fact female so you can stuff, Levi-Strauss classified her or him from ‘products or services,’ he called “are available objects (or procedures did as techniques and you may manufactured things), that’s, public circumstances culturally manufactured by tech agencies. (1962, p. 123)

The main change, the guy finished, is that that ‘thing’ hails from community in addition to almost every other of characteristics. Levi-Strauss writes of culture’s popularity more nature as he says you to definitely character takes into account women since homogeneous however, society “asserts them getting subject to an equivalent types of philosophy and you may methods once the in the vision regarding society, he’s the common ability you to definitely child contains the capability to manage while increasing her or him https://datingranking.net/de/frauenwahl-dating/.” (1962, p. 125)

In her own essay, Try people in order to men because the nature will be to community? Earliest, she sees culture given that an entity with the capability to do something about and you will change character. ” (1972, p. 7) While in the this lady article Ortner a couple of times professes ambitious universals in revealing this new dichotomy, what type you are going to dispute are generalizations, eg this lady declaration you to “in just about any understood society, girl represents in some training inferior compared to guy.” (1972, p. 7)

Echoing an excellent Levi-Straussian idea from structuralism, Ortner believes nature and community are both kinds of individual consider once the “there is absolutely no put out in actuality in which that might discover some real border among them claims otherwise areas of being.” (1972, p. 10)

Sherry Ortner (1972) can make a couple of obvious objections regarding the dating ranging from characteristics and you may community

Ortner is targeted on new universality away from traditions because the “a denial in all person societies of your especially people feature to act on and regulate, in the place of passively flow with and be moved by the, the fresh new givens of natural life.” (1972, p. 10-11) Why are society distinctive line of, based on Ortner, is that it’s the benefit to help you transcend the brand new natural and impact they because of its own purpose.

She represent community particularly because this procedure for transcendence, “in the form of expertise from envision and you may tech, of your own sheer givens of lives. During the some level all the society incorporates this notion in a single mode or another, if perhaps through the overall performance out-of routine as the a denial of the human being capability to shape men and women givens.” (1972, p. 24)

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