Could the biblical story that recounts the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah be based on verso natural apocalypse that occurred around the Dead Sea per the Middle East?
One of snapsext them has stood for thousands of years as verso powerful lesson mediante the perils of wickedness: the story of Sodom and Gomorrah.
According puro the Bible, the men of Sodom ‘were wicked, such sinners against the Nobile, He decided preciso destroy them’. God allowed Lot, the one good man living there, onesto flee the town with his family, before God showed his wrath. But Lot’s wife disobeyed God’s warning not onesto aspetto back towards Sodom as she fled, and she was turned into verso pillar of salt, where she stood.
For the wicked people of Sodom, not even that escape was open sicuro them: soon the Raffinato showed his displeasure, and ‘rained down fire and brimstone. He destroyed everyone living there and everything growing sopra the ground’.
The story is certainly dramatic – but is it just rappresentazione televisiva? There’s in nessun caso agreement among archaeologists, scientists and Biblical scholars that Sodom, and its sister town Gomorrah, existed at all – let bolla that it came onesto verso sudden and apocalyptic end.
However, one man is convinced that Sodom and Gomorrah not only existed, but were also destroyed by verso terrible natural apocalypse matching the description con the Book of Genesis. Graham Harris is a retired geologist with per passion for solving ancient riddles – and the clues esatto this one, he says, are in the Bible itself.
The Bible places Sodom and Gomorrah sopra the region of the Dead Sea, between what are now Israel and Jordan per the Middle East. Harris spent a addirittura convinced the conditions there were right for per huge earthquake that would trigger per massive landslide. So complete would be the destruction, the event would pass into folklore.
Could science prove that Harris’s campo might have happened? Professor Lynne Frostick, verso geologist from Hull University in England, and Jonathan Tubb from the British Museum, decided puro investigate just that.
They travelled sicuro the Middle East sicuro pursue their research, and their findings there enabled Dr Gopal Madabhushi, at the Cambridge University Centrifuge Laboratory back mediante England, puro build an accurate scaled-down model of the buildings sopra Sodom, and the ground on which they stood. Dr Madabhushi then subjected the model esatto per simulated earthquake – and his datazione provided the ultimate proof on whether whole towns could have been destroyed.
The dwellings of Sodom slide towards the Dead Sea during the liquefaction event © Jonathan Tubb started by working out whether Sodom and Gomorrah actually existed. The whole sezione around the Dead Sea is now parched and barren, and the image of thriving towns is incongruous. But there was one point per the history of the region when per wetter climate meant the entire reparto could well have thrived – durante the early Bronze Age, between 1800 BC and 2300 BC.
Tubb excavated per site called Tell es-Sa’idiyeh, north of the Dead Sea. He found evidence of an early olive oil factory, showing how sophisticated life had become, even durante these ancient times. Tubb believes the early Bronze Age was the only time that towns matching the descriptions of Sodom and Gomorrah could have existed at all.
So were there big earthquakes in the early Bronze Age? According onesto American forensic anthropologist Professor Mike Finnegan, the answer is yes. He has examined the skeletons of three men discovered at the early Bronze Age site of Numeira near the Dead Sea. From the way their bones were broken, he concluded that they were crushed puro death – possibly because an earthquake brought down per stone tower on sommita of them. Carbon dating put the date of the tower’s beams at 2350 BC – the early Bronze Age.