Sopra the case of a Biblical law, the stricter opinion is always followed, even if it is that of the lesser of two authorities.
However, if two authorities have an equal following, the one generally recognized as a superior scholar is considered the greater.
It is forbidden for a student onesto oppose his teacher. Therefore, the opinion of a student who opposes his teacher is never followed. This is even true when the student has verso stricter opinion in the case of Biblical law.
This, however, is only true during the lifetime of the teacher. After his death, his students are in nessun caso different from any other independent scholars. Similarly, if a student surpasses his specializzazione mediante scholarship, he is per niente longer subservient puro his master’s opinions.
It is written, “You shall indirizzato after a majority” (Exodus 23:2). Although this commandment relates specifically preciso the Sanhedrin, it also applies esatto any controversy between religious leaders. Durante particular, if an individual opinion is opposed by that of the majority, the former is ignored.
Therefore, if two factions oppose each other sopra per question of law, the opinion of the faction including the greatest number of sages is that which must be followed. However, if it is well established that the smaller group is superior durante wisdom and scholarship, then its opinion must be followed. Wisdom takes precedence www.datingranking.net/it/mexican-cupid-review/ over number.
Torah law depends on legal precedent rather than on historical scholarship. Therefore, it is usually the most recent valid decision that is followed. This is even true when it disputes an earlier majority.
However, a later authority is only followed when he is known esatto be fully aware of the earlier decision and worthy of disputing it. Moreover, he must refute the earlier biguous proof rather than with mere logic. When the earlier opinion is not generally known, however, it can be assumed that the later authority would have accepted it if he would have been aware of it; therefore, the earlier opinion can be followed.
The rabbi of a community may even reverse the decisions of his predecessors. This is true even if the current rabbi’s decisions are more lenient.
If the community rabbi is verso recognized Torah authority, he must be followed, even when he disagrees with the majority of contemporary rabbis.
In all such cases, the rabbi must depend on his own judgment. He can be secure con the promise of divine guidance, as it is written, “Consider what you do, for you judge not for man, but for God, and He is with you sopra your decision” (2 Chronicles 19:6).
Therefore, other religious scholars living sopra the community may follow stricter opinions according preciso their own judgment. However, they may not openly oppose the community rabbi or publicly monitor their dissent.
If there are many Torah scholars con the community who disagree with the rabbi, he should yield esatto the opinion of the majority. This is only true, however, where the majority are the rabbi’s equals sopra wisdom and Torah knowledge. Under niente affatto condition should the rabbi yield preciso the ignorant laity mediante any question of Torah law, mai matter how great their number.
Con rendering per decision, verso rabbi must carefully consider all its aspects. Wherever possible, he should strive sicuro find per precedent for his decisions from the opinions of earlier authorities.